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Urine test may reduce unnecessary biopsies for prostate cancer

  • 2 Min To Read
  • a month ago

A recent study published in JAMA Oncology highlights the potential of a prostate cancer biomarker test, known as MyProstateScore 2.0 (MPS2), in accurately detecting high-grade prostate cancers. The test utilizes 17 genetic markers that have shown promise in screening for serious cancers and reducing unnecessary biopsies for low-grade prostate cancers.

Prostate cancer is graded based on the Gleason score, with higher grades indicating a greater likelihood of the cancer spreading quickly. Historically, screening for prostate cancer with the standard PSA blood test has come with the risk of unnecessary, invasive procedures like biopsies. However, advancements in biomarker tests are offering more accurate diagnostic options alongside PSA testing.

The MPS2 test demonstrated a 95% sensitivity for detecting grade group 2 or higher cancers, and a 99% sensitivity for grade group 3 or higher cancers. This high level of accuracy could lead to earlier detection and treatment of prostate cancer, with fewer unnecessary procedures.

While the results of the study are promising, concerns have been raised about the test's performance in a racially diverse population. The study included a low percentage of Black participants, raising questions about the test's effectiveness in different ethnic groups. Research has shown variations in PSA levels among different ethnicities, which could impact the accuracy of screening tests.

Despite the limitations regarding race, experts believe that the MPS2 test represents a step in the right direction for improving prostate cancer screening. By identifying specific genetic markers associated with high-grade cancers, the test shows potential for reducing unnecessary biopsies and improving the overall accuracy of prostate cancer detection.

Moving forward, further research and development will be needed to ensure that prostate cancer screening tests are effective and equitable across all ethnic groups. By addressing these challenges, researchers hope to improve outcomes for all individuals at risk of prostate cancer.

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